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Welcome to Discover Seoul Pass

Discover Seoul Pass offers information about tourist attractions, as well as various benefits and services for international tourists visiting Seoul for a more convenient trip. For even better service, please enter the additional information.

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Free Admission with Pass

Gyeongbokgung Palace

Royal Palaces

Overview

The First Palace of the Joseon Dynasty, in Central Hanyang

Built in 1395 as a residential palace, Gyeongbokgung Palace was the first palace of the Joseon Dynasty.  The palace was situated in the heart of ancient Seoul (called Hanyang at the time), and has Bugaksan Mountain behind it to the north, and Yukjo Boulevard (present day Sejong-daero) sprawling forth from Gwanghwamun, its main gate.  

The Geunjeongjeon Hall is the primary structure of the palace and was where the king presided over his subjects.  Its name signifies 'diligence helps governance', and as the most solemn and central structure, symbolizes royal authority.

In addition to the main hall, the palace contains various buildings where the king, his foreign envoys and administrators took care of the daily affairs of the kingdom, where the royal family and their attendants lived and worked, as well as gardens and other structures for leisure.  The appearance of the palace has varied greatly throughout the ages.  Around the time of King Gojong when the palace was reconstructed, over 500 buildings filled the complex like a labyrinth, including separate palaces for the queen and the crown prince, Geoncheonggung Residence, Hyangwonjeong Pavilion, and more.

 

The Ancient Poetry of the Four Gates

The walls that surround Gyeongbokgung Palace measure 2,404 m in length, on average 5 m in height, and 2 m in thickness. There are four gates in each direction of the palace, and they were named in 1426 (eighth year of King Sejong) as: Geonchunmun (建春門 - east), Gwanghwamun (光化門 - south), Yeongchumun (迎秋門 - west), and finally Sinmumun (神武門 - north).

These names signify spring-summer-fall-winter, and wood-fire-metal-water respectively, and originate from the Korean traditional ideology of the five elements. The Geunjeongjeon Hall stands right at the center of the walls.

 

Changing of the Guard Ceremony

The guards of the Joseon Dynasty were in charge of protecting Gwanghwamun Gate, the main gates into Gyeongbokgung Palace, as well as Heunginjimun, Sungnyemun and other gates surrounding the palace and the capital city.

The schedules for the Changing of the Guard Ceremony and other related events can be found online at the website of the Korea Cultural Heritage Foundation (www.chf.or.kr).  Or you may call the palace at 02-3210-1645.

 

※ Gyeongbokgung Palace is closed every Tuesday.

※ The Discover Seoul Pass does not include nighttime openings of the palace.

 

※ Hours of Operation

January, February: 09:00-17:00 

March, April, May: 09:00-18:00

June, July, August: 09:00-18:30

September, October: 09:00-18:00

November, Decmber: 09:00-17:00

- Last admission one hour prior to closing.

 

※ Price

Adults 3,000 KRW / Youth (7-18 years old) 1,500 KRW 

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